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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容

     Uke a tired marriage.the relationship between libraries and publishers has long been reassuringly dull.E—books,however,are causing heartache.

  Libraries know they need digital wares if they are to remain relevant,but many publishers are too careful about piracy and lost sales to c0.operate.Among the big six.only Random   House and HarperCollins license e-books with most libraries.The others have either denied requests or are reluctantly experimenting.

  Publishers are wise to be nervous.Owners of e.readers are exactly the customers they need:book—lovers with money-neither the devices nor broadband connections come cheap.If these wonderful people switch to borrowing e-books instead of buying them,what then?

  Electronic borrowing is awfully convenient.Unlike printed books.which must be checked out and

  returned to a physical library miles from where you live,book files can be downloaded at home.Digital library catalogues are often browsed at night.from a comfortable sofa.The files disappear from the device when they are due.

  Awkwardly for publishers,buying an e—book costs more than renting one but offers little extra value.

  You cannot resell it。lend it to a friend or burn it to stay warm.Owning a book is useful if you want to savor(品嘗)it repeatedly,but who reads“Fifty Shades of Grey”twice?

  E-1ending is not simple.however.There are lots of different and often incompatible e-book formats,devices and licences.Most libraries use a company called Over Drive,a global distributor that secures rights from publishers and provides e-books and audio files in every format.Yet publishers and libraries are worried by Over Drive’s market dominance,as the company can increasingly dictate fees and conditions.

  Library boosters argue that book borrowers are also book buyers,and that libraries are vital spaces for readers to discover new work.Many were.cheered by a recent Pew survey,which found that more than half of Americans with Horary cards say they prefer to buy their e-books.But the report also noted that few people know that e-books are available at most libraries,and that popular titles often involve long waiting lists,which may be what inspires people to buy.

  So publishers keep adjusting their lending arrangements in:search of the right balance.Random House raised its licensing prices earlier this year,and Harper Collins limits libraries to lending its titles 26 times.

  Hachita is engaged in some secret experiments,and the others are watching with held breath.In Britain the government will soon announce a review of the matter.The story of the library e-book is a nail-biter.

1.[單選題]What can be inferred from the fast paragraph?
  • A.Libraries are eager to keep relationship with publishers.
  • B.Several publishers have sold e-books to most libraries.
  • C.Libraries care too much about piracy and book sales.
  • D.Most publishers hesitate to cooperate with libraries.
  • 解題思路:推理判斷題。本題考查對文章第一段的理解。在六大出版商中,只有蘭登書屋和哈珀科林斯出版集團將電子書授權給了大多數圖書館,其他出版商有的表示拒絕,有的則在勉強試探當中,故答案為D)。 A)“圖書館急于與出版商保持聯系”,第一段開頭指出,圖書館與出版商的關系平淡如水而不是急于保持聯系,故排除;B)“一些出版商已經將電子書出售給大部分圖書館了”,最后一句已經指出只有兩家出版集團將電子書授權給了大多數圖書館,故排除;c)“圖書館太注重盜版和銷量了”,注重盜版和銷量的是出版商,故排除。
2.[單選題]What do we learn about Over Drive?
  • A.It has the privilege to offer readers various brands of e-readers.
  • B.It distributes e-books and audio files to publishers.
  • C.Its market dominance threatens publishers and libraries.
  • D.It devotes itself to improving conditions of e.book market.
  • 解題思路:推理判斷題。本題考查對超速檔的認識和理解。出版商和圖書館也因此對超速檔在市場上獨占鰲頭感到擔憂,因為這樣一來它就可以逐漸控制費用、提出條件,故答案為C)。A)“它享有給讀者提供多種電子讀物的特權”,出版商也可以提供,這不是超速檔所特有的優勢,故排除;B)“它將電子書和音頻文件分銷給出版商”,由本段第二句得出,超速檔從出版商那里購買版權,邏輯錯誤,故排除;D)“它致力于提升電子書的市場環境”,由本段最后一句可知,超速檔可能逐步壟斷市場,因而不利于市場競爭,故排除。
3.[單選題]According to the recent Pew survey,_____.
  • A.more than half of Americans choose e-books over physical copies
  • B.people with library cards advocate borrowing rather than buying books
  • C.people with library cards have to wait to borrow popular e-books
  • D.the desire to collect a popular book inspires people to buy it
  • 解題思路:事實細節題。本題考查對最近皮尤研究的結論的理解。這份調查發現,很少有人知道大多數圖書館里也有電子書資源,而且熱門書的后面總是跟著長長的借閱預約名單,這或許就是促使人們買書的原因,故答案為C)。A)“超過一半的美國人選擇電子書而不是紙質版本的”、B)“有借閱證的人提倡借閱而不是買書”,由本段第二句可知,是超過一半持有借閱證的美國人喜歡買電子書,主語范圍擴大,而且是更喜歡購買而不是借閱,故均排除;D)“收藏一本受歡迎的書的渴望促使人們去購買”與原文意思不符,故排除。
4.[單選題]What does the author say about electronic borrowing?
  • A.It call help save readers’expenses on devices and broadband connections.
  • B.It needs checking out and returning to the library via the Intemet.
  • C.It enables readers to resell the book files or lend them to friends.
  • D.It has a time limit for the book files downloader on the device.
  • 解題思路:事實細節題。本題考查有關電子借閱的細節。到期的文件會自動從閱讀設備上消失,故答案為D)。A)“電子借閱可以幫助讀者節省設備和寬帶連接的費用”,第二段第二句只是提到閱讀設備和寬帶都不便宜,屬于推斷過度,故排除;B)“需要通過網絡結賬并傳回給圖書館”原文中未提及,故排除;C)“它使得讀者將書本轉借或者賣給朋友”,由第四段第二句可知,電子書不能再次轉借或出售給朋友,故排除。
5.[單選題]By“a nail-biter”(Line 4,Para.7),the author suggests that_____.
  • A.it’s urgent for Librairies to cooperate with publishers
  • B.publishers have many secret experiments to conduct
  • C.it’s impossible for publishers to distribute e-books to libraries
  • D.many problems about e-book lending need to be solved
  • 解題思路:語義理解題。本題考查對“a nail.biter”的理解。末段前兩句指出,出版商們通過調整借閱策略以尋求平衡。蘭登書屋在今年早些時候提高了授權費;哈珀科林斯把圖書館出借的次數限制在26次以內。最后兩句提到,英國政府很快會宣告一項相關審核,圖書館與電子書的故事還在緊張地進行著。由此推知,關于電子書借閱還有很多問題有待解決,故答案為D)。A)“圖書館需要盡快與出版商合作”,作者沒表明此觀點,故排除;B)“出版商有許多秘密實驗要進行”,由末段第二句可知,進行某些實驗的只有阿歇特圖書出版集團,其他出版商均在觀望,故排除;C)“出版商不可能將電子書經銷給圖書館”,作者沒有表述此觀點,反而鼓勵兩者合作,故排除。
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  • 參考答案:D,C,C,D,D