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2018年考研英語一真題——閱讀理解Part C: 翻譯

發布于 2018-03-12 16:46  編輯:Claire
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Part C

Directions:

Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese. Your translation should be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)


a视频在线视频观看日本Shakespeare’s life time was coincident with a period of extraordinary activity and achievement in the drama. By the date of his birth Europe was witnessing the passing of the religious drama, and the creation of new forms under the incentive of classical tragedy and comedy. These new forms were at first mainly written by scholars and performed by amateurs, but in England, as everywhere else in western Europe, the growth of a class of professional actors was threatening to make the drama popular, whether it should be new or old, classical or medieval, literary or farcical. Court, school organizations of amateurs, and the traveling actors were all rivals in supplying a widespread desire for dramatic entertainment; and (47) no boy who went a grammar school could be ignorant that the drama was a form of literature which gave glory to Greece and Rome and might yet bring honor to England.


a视频在线视频观看日本When Shakespeare was twelve years old, the first public playhouse was built in London. For a time literature showed no interest in this public stage. Plays aiming at literary distinction were written for school or court, or for the choir boys of St. Paul’s and the royal chapel, who, however, gave plays in public as well as at court.(48)but the professional companies prospered in their permanent theaters, and university men with literature ambitions were quick to turn to these theaters as offering a means of livelihood. By the time Shakespeare was twenty-five, Lyly, Peele, and Greene had made comedies that were at once popular and literary; Kyd had written a tragedy that crowded the pit; and Marlowe had brought poetry and genius to triumph on the common stage - where they had played no part since the death of Euripides. (49)A native literary drama had been created, its alliance with the public playhouses established, and at least some of its great traditions had been begun.


The development of the Elizabethan drama for the next twenty-five years is of exceptional interest to students of literary history, for in this brief period we may trace the beginning, growth, blossoming, and decay of many kinds of plays, and of many great careers. We are amazed today at the mere number of plays produced, as well as by the number of dramatists writing at the same time for this London of two hundred thousand inhabitants. (50)To realize how great was the dramatic activity, we must remember further that hosts of plays have been lost, and that probably there is no author of note whose entire work has survived.


參考翻譯:

1.在莎士比亞出生之前,歐洲正見證宗教戲劇的流逝,以及受到經典的悲喜劇的刺激而誕生的新形式。

a视频在线视频观看日本2.47.那些去學習語法的人都知道喜劇是文學的一種形式,這種形式給希臘和羅馬帶來了榮耀,還可能會給英國帶來榮譽。

a视频在线视频观看日本3.47.但是專業劇團在他們永久性的劇院中繁榮,而且有文學抱負的大學生迅速求助于劇院,醬她們視為一種營生手段。

4.一種當地的文學戲劇藝術已經創造出來,隨后它與公眾劇院的聯合也得以確立,至少它的一些偉大傳統已經得以開始傳承。

5.48.為了意識到戲劇活動多么偉大,我們還必須記住許多戲劇的主持人已經不復存在了,而且可能做注釋的作者也沒有完整作品保留下來。




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