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2018年考研英語二真題——閱讀理解Text1

發布于 2018-05-11 15:22  編輯:Ywen
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Section II Reading Comprehension

Part A

Directions:

a视频在线视频观看日本Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)


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Text 1

It is curious that Stephen Koziatek feels almost as though he has to justify his efforts to give his students a better future.


Mr. Koziatek is part of something pioneering. He is a teacher at a New Hampshire high school where learning is not something of books and tests and mechanical memorization, but practical. When did it become accepted wisdom that students should be able to name the 13th president of the United States but be utterly overwhelmed by a broken bike chain?


As Koziatek knows, there is learning in just about everything. Nothing is necessarily gained by forcing students to learn geometry at a graffitied desk stuck with generations of discarded chewing gum. They can also learn geometry by assembling a bicycle.


But he’s also found a kind of insidious prejudice. Working with your hands is seen as almost a mark of inferiority. Schools in the family of vocational education “have that stereotype...that it’s for kids who can’t make it academically,”he says.


On one hand, that viewpoint is a logical product of America’s evolution. Manufacturing is not the economic engine that it once was. The job security that the US economy once offered to high school graduates has largely evaporated. More education is the new principle. We want more for our kids, and rightfully so.


But the headlong push into bachelor’s degrees for all – and the subtle devaluing of anything less – misses an important point: That’s not the only thing the American economy need. Yes, a bachelor’s degree opens more doors. But even now, 54 percent of the jobs in the country are middle-skill jobs, such as construction and high-skill manufacturing. But only 44 percent of workers are adequately trained.


a视频在线视频观看日本In other words, at a time when the working class has turned the country on its political head, frustrated that the opportunity that once defined America is vanishing, one obvious solution is staring us in the face. There is a gap in working-class jobs, but the workers who need those jobs most aren’t equipped to do them. Koziatek’s Manchester school of Technology High School is trying to fill that gap.


a视频在线视频观看日本Koziatek’s school is a wake-up call. When education becomes one-size-fits-all, it risks overlooking a nation’s diversity of gifts.


(1).A broken bike chain is mentioned to show students’ lack of .

A. practical ability

B. academic training

C. pioneering spirit

a视频在线视频观看日本D. mechanical memorization

參考答案:A


(2).There exists the prejudice that vocational education is for kids who .

A. have a stereotyped mind

B. have no career motivation

C. are not academically successful

a视频在线视频观看日本D. are financially disadvantaged

參考答案:C


a视频在线视频观看日本(3).We can infer from Paragraph 5 that high school graduates .

A. used to have big financial concerns

B. used to have more job opportunities

C. are reluctant to work in manufacturing

D. are entitled to more educational privileges

參考答案:B


a视频在线视频观看日本(4).The headlong push into bachelor's degrees for all .

a视频在线视频观看日本A. helps create a lot of middle-skill jobs

a视频在线视频观看日本B. may narrow the gap in working-class jobs

a视频在线视频观看日本C. is expected to yield a better-trained workforce

a视频在线视频观看日本D. indicates the overvaluing of higher education

參考答案:D


(5).The author's attitude toward Koziatek’s school can be described as .

A. supportive

B. tolerant

a视频在线视频观看日本C. disappointed

D. cautious

參考答案:A


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